The Australian Competition Consumer Commission (ACCC) has announced that it will not take any further action in relation to Qube Holdings’ acquisition of Maritime Container Services.
The ACCC’s investigation focused on the supply chain for containerised freight through Port Botany, particularly the role of empty container parks in the chain. MCS controls Cooks River, a container park with rail sidings used by some of Qube’s rivals, often for regional containerised rail freight.
“It is important for regional exporters and rail operators to have access to empty container parks with rail facilities,” said Rod Sims, Chairman, ACCC. “While there are a limited number of these types of empty container parks in Sydney, there appear to be sufficient choices for Qube’s rivals in rail, stevedoring and logistics.”
The ACCC considered whether the vertical integration of an empty container park with Qube’s existing rail assets, intermodal terminals and 50 per cent interest in Patrick stevedores could result in preferential treatment for Qube or discrimination against Qube’s competitors. A key consideration was whether the acquisition could reduce competition in the market for rail container transport services between regional New South Wales and Port Botany.
The ACCC identified alternative empty container parks operated by DP World Logistics, and soon by Linx, that could act to constrain Qube’s incentive to discriminate against rivals.
“The alternative empty container parks with rail access will provide exporters in regional New South Wales and rail operators the option of moving to other facilities if they consider they are receiving less favourable treatment from Qube,” said Sims. “Some large regional exporters have already moved to alternative container parks. The threat of continued switching by customers limits the impact of discriminatory behaviour by Qube, and may also act to constrain Qube from engaging in such behaviour in the first place.”
The ACCC considered that it would be unlikely that Qube could leverage the operation of MCS to preference Patrick, because of the availability of alternative empty container parks and the role of shipping lines in choosing stevedores.
Qube and MCS completed the acquisition in late December 2017, just days after Qube notified the ACCC of its intention to do so. At the request of the ACCC, prior to completion, Qube gave the ACCC a court-enforceable undertaking to hold the MCS business separate from Qube until at least 14 March 2018.
By choosing not to seek informal ACCC clearance before completing the transaction, Qube and MCS were exposed to potential legal action seeking divestiture and penalty orders had the ACCC formed the view that the acquisition was likely to have the effect of substantially lessening competition, in breach of section 50 of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.